Journal Menu

Annals of Medicine and Medical Education
Volume 1, Issue 3 (September 2014), pp. 97-101

DOI: 10.12973/ejms.2014.119p

Downloaded 501 times.

Research Article

Published online on Apr 02, 2016

How to reference this article?


The prevalence and risk factors of secretory otitis media in elementary school students in Hakkari city center

Hüseyin Günizi


Objective: The intention in this study was to determine the prevalence and the risk factors associated with otitis media with effusion (OME) in elementary school students in Hakkari city center. Method: The study was made of 1,068 children studying in elementary schools in Hakkari city center. The educational and socioeconomic status of the students’ families and the students’ success in school were determined, after which, the students were given a physical examination, as well as an otoscopy and tympanometry. The findings were fed into the SPSS for Windows 16 software program, and were analyzed using chi-square and Fisher’s exact tests. P values <0.05 were considered as statistically significant. The prevalence and risk factors related with OME will be discussed. Findings: The mean age of the test subjects was 7.8 (±1.45) years, 610 were male(57.1%), and 458 students were female (42.9%). Of the total, 119 (11.1%) students were diagnosed with OME, 72 of which were male(60.5%), and 47 students were female(39.5%). A positive correlation was identified between the prevalence of OME and nasal obstruction, sinusitis-allergic rhinitis and school success (p<0.01, p<0.05 p<0.01, respectively). In contrast, no significant correlation could be found between the prevalence of OME and age, gender, passive smoking, or educational and economic status of the students’ families (p=0.201 p=0.428, p=0.064, p=0.757, p=0.579, respectively). Conclusion: Informing parents and instructors about OME and raising awareness levels will significantly increase the educational success of students, making it possible to raise healthier generations. Keywords: Otitis media with effusion, children, prevalence, school.

  1. ----------------------------