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Annals of Medicine and Medical Education
Volume 1, Issue 4 (December 2014), pp. 117-123

DOI: 10.12973/ejms.2014.124p

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Review article

Published online on Dec 12, 2014

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Tear Film Osmolarity in Diagnosis of Dry Eye Syndrome

H. Murat SAGDIK, Sinan CALISKAN, Mehmet TETIKOGLU, Serdar AKTAS, Fatma UCAR, Fatih OZCURA

Abstract

Dry eye disease (DED) is a multifactorial disease which is characterized by the symptoms including burning, dryness, itching, pain, foreign body sensation and watering eyes. As causative mechanisms, the tear hyperosmolarity and tear film instability may initiate the dry eye. Increased tear osmolarity and ocular surface inflammation have a key role in the pathogenesis of DED. Tear osmolarity has been an exciting issue as in the diagnosis and management of DED. Herein, we discussed the role of tear osmolarity in the diagnosis procedures of DED. 

Keywords: Dry Eye Syndrome, Tear Film Osmolarity


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