Journal Menu
Submit Manuscript via ScholarOne

Eurasian Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Volume 5, Issue 2 (August 2010), pp. 187-203

DOI: 10.12973/ejac.2010.00096a

Downloaded 1892 times.

Research Article

Published online on Jul 03, 2016

How to reference this article?


Photoacoustic Spectroscopy and Its Applications – A Tutorial Review

Deepak V Bageshwar, Avinash S Pawar, Vineeta V Khanvilkar, Vilasrao J Kadam


Based on photoacoustic effect, photoacoustic spectroscopy is an unusual form of spectroscopy which uses both light and sound and is based on the absorption of electromagnetic radiation by analyte molecule. The absorbed energy is measured by detecting pressure fluctuations in the form of sound waves or shock pulses. A photoacoustic spectrum consists of a plot of the intensity of the acoustic signal detected by a microphone or a piezoelectric detector, against the excitation wavelength or another quantity related to the photon energy of the modulated excitation. It is a valuable source for data acquisition relating to absorption and material science studies.

Keywords: Photoacoustic spectroscopy; electromagnetic radiation; sound waves; modulation schemes

  1. Schmid T (2006) Photoacoustic Spectroscopy for Process Analysis. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 384:1071.
  2. Kirkbright G F (1983) Some application of Photoacoustic spectroscopy to the study of chemical systems in the condensed phase-A tutorial review. Journal de physique. Colloque C6: 99.
  3. Bell A G (1880) Photoacoustic imaging and spectroscopy. American Journal of Science 20:305.
  4. Bell A G (1881) Laser photoacoustic: A novel method for ethylene determination. Phil Mag J Sci 11:510.
  5. Rosencwaig A, Gersho A (1976) Theory of Photoacoustic effects in solid. J. Apply. Phys. 47:64.
  6. Sigrist M W (1999) Photoacoustic spectroscopy, method and instrumentation, Encyclopaedia of spectroscopy and spectrometry 3:1810.
  7. Patel C K N, Tam A C (1981) Pulsed Optoacoustis Spectroscopy of Condensed Matter. Physical Online Review Archive 53:517.
  8. Kinney J B, Staley R H (1982) Applications of Photoacoustic Spectroscopy. Annual Review of Material Science 12:295.
  9. Almond D P, Patel P M (1996) Photothermal science and technique, Chapman and Hall, London.
  10. Rosencwaig A (1980) Phtoacoustics and photoacoustic spectroscopy. Chemical analysis Series 57.
  11. Mandelis A (1992) Principles and prospective of photothermal and photoacoustic Phenomena. Progress in photothermal and photoacoustic science and technology, Vol 1, New York: Elsevier.
  12. Meyer P L, Sigrist M W (1992) Atmospheric pollution monitoring using CO2 laser photoacoustic spectroscopy and other techniques. Review of scientific instruments 61:1779.
  13. Tam A C, Photoacoustics: Spectroscopy and other applications. Ultrasensitive laser spectroscopy, chapter 1, New York: Academic Press.
  14. Pao, Yoh-Han (1997) Optoacoustic spectroscopy and detection. New York: Academic Press. 
  15. Sigrist M W, Air monitoring by laser photoacoustic spectroscopy. Chemical analysis series, Vol. 127, New York: Wiley.
  16. Zarov V P, Letokhov V S, Laser optoacoustic spectroscopy. Springer series in optical sciences, Vol.37, Berlin: Springer.
  17. Tam A C, Application of photoacoustic sensing techniques. Review of modern physics 58:381.
  18. Nelson E T, Patel C K N (1981) Response of Piezoelectric Transducers used in Pulsed Optoacoustic Spectroscopy. Optics Info Base 6:354.
  19. Haisch C and Niessner R (2002) Light and Sound - Photoacoustic spectroscopy. Spectroscopy Eur. 14(5):10.
  20. Ball D W (2006) The Baseline Photoacoustic Spectroscopy. Spectroscopy 21:14.
  21. Willard, Meritt, Dean, Settle (2003) Instrumental Methods of Analysis, 7th Edition, CBS Publishers, Delhi, p 181.
  22. Vijayan C, Department of physics, IIT Madras, An overview of Photoacoustic spectroscopy. Available online at photoacoustic.htm.
  23. Narayan K, Chandani S, Ramakrsihnan (1997) Depth Profiling of Mammalian Cells for Localization of Ligands. Biophysical Journal 72:2365.
  24. Bugs M and Marinonio C (2002) A new biophysics approach using photoacoustic Spectroscopy to study the DNA-ethidium bromide interaction. European Biophysical Journal 31: 232.
  25. Bugs M and Marinonio C (2008) Photoacoustic spectroscopy of aromatic amino acids in proteins. European Biophysical Journal 37:205.
  26. Morais P (2008) Photoacoustic spectroscopy as a key technique in the investigation of nanosized magnetic particles for drug delivery systems. Journal of alloys and compounds, 2008 (in press).
  27. Moore T, O’hara E, Anjo D, Tom R, Benin D, (1983) Photoacoustic spectroscopy and related techniques applied to biological materials. Journal de Physique colloque C6, supplement, 44:339.
  28. Ketolainen J (1995) Photoacoustic evaluation of elasticity and integrity of pharmaceutical tablets. International Journal of Pharmaceutics 125:45.
  29. Neubert R, Collin B (1997) Quantitative analysis of drug content in semisolid formulations using step-scan FT-IR photoacoustic spectroscopy. Vibrational Spectroscopy 13:241.
  30. Corne1io M, Sanches R (1995) Monitoring electron transfer by photoacoustic spectroscopy, European Biophysical Journal 23:439.
  31. Patel C K N, Burkhardt E G, Lambert C A (1974) Spectroscopic Measurements of Stratospheric Nitric Oxide and Water Vapor. Science 184:1173.
  32. Kirkbright G F (1983) Some applications of photoacoustic spectroscopy to the study of chemical systems in the condensed phase - a tutorial review. Journal de physique Colloque C6, supplement no.10, C6:99. 
  33. Balasubramaniyam D, Mohan Rao C, Panjipan B (1984) The malaria parasite monitored by photoacoustic spectroscopy. Science 223(4638):828.