**EURASIA Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education**
Volume 12, Issue 9 (September 2016), pp. 2481-2502

DOI: 10.12973/eurasia.2016.1299a

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**Research Article**

*Published online on Jun 29, 2016*

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**Student Difficulties in Mathematizing Word Problems in Algebra**

Al Jupri & Paul Drijvers

To investigate student difficulties in solving word problems in algebra, we carried out a teaching experiment involving 51 Indonesian students (12/13 year-old) who used a digital mathematics environment. The findings were backed up by an interview study, in which eighteen students (13/14 year-old) were involved. The perspective of mathematization, i.e., the activity to transform a problem into a symbolic mathematical problem, and to reorganize the mathematical system, was used to identify student difficulties on the topic of linear equations in one variable. The results show that formulating a mathematical model—evidenced by errors in formulating equations, schemas or diagrams—is the main difficulty. This highlights the importance of mathematization as a crucial process in the learning and teaching of algebra.

*Keywords*: algebra education, digital mathematics environment, linear equations in one variable, mathematization, word problems

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