Journal Menu
Submit Manuscript via ScholarOne

EURASIA Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education
Volume 13, Issue 1 (January 2017), pp. 189-199

DOI: 10.12973/eurasia.2017.00611a

Downloaded 1474 times.

Research Article

Published online on Nov 18, 2016

How to reference this article?


Factors That Promote Anxiety toward Math on High School Students

Milka Elena Escalera-Chávez, Elena Moreno-García, Arturo García-Santillán & Carlos Alberto Rojas-Kramer


Regardless of the social or economic status of a student, it is a fact that math is always present. This discipline is considered as a competitive tool for achieving a more productive life. However, the gap in academic achievement is big. Consequently, in the last decades the research on education has set attention on this point. Therefore, this research aims to prove that there is anxiety toward math on high school students at a private institution Rioverde in San Luis Potosí, México and find if there is a difference in regards to gender. We used Auzmendi sub-scale questionnaire. The results show that there is anxiety toward math on high school students, and that women show more anxiety toward math than men do. Thus, we conclude, for the case under study, that anxiety toward math is a learning issue for high school students, more often for women than for men.

Keywords: Anxiety toward math, student, gender.

  1. Aliasgari, M., Riahinia, N. & Mojdehavar, F. (2010). Computer-assisted instruction and student attitudes, Journal of Educational Computing Research 3(1), 6-14.
  2. Anthony J. Onwuegbuzie, A. (2004). Academic procrastination and statistics anxiety. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 29(1), 3-19.
  3. Armstrong, J. (1985). A national assessment of participation and achievement in women in mathematics. In S. Chipman, L. Brush & D. Wilson (Eds.), Women and mathematics: Balancing the equation (pp. 59-94). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
  4. Auzmendi, E. (1992). Las actitudes hacia la matemática-estadística en las enseñanzas medias y universitarias. Características y medición [Attitude toward mathematics-statistic in the middle and higher education teaching. Features and measurement]. Bilbao: Mensajero
  5. Carmona, J. (2004). Una revisión de las evidencias de fiabilidad y validez de los cuestionarios de actitudes y la ansiedad hacia la estadística. Statistics Education Research Journal, 3(1), 5-28.
  6. Onwuegbuzie, A. J. (1993). The interaction of statistics test anxiety and examination condition in statistics achievement of post-baccalaureate non-statistics majors. University of South Carolina.
  7. Cheema, J. & Sheridan, K. (2015). Time spent on homework, mathematics anxiety and mathematics achievement: Evidence from a US simple, Issues in Educational Research, 25(3), 246-258.
  8. Chinn, S. (2009). Mathematics Anxiety in Secondary School Students in England. Dyslexia, 15, 61-6
  9. Devine, A., Fawcett, K., Szucs, D., & Dowker, A. (2012). Gender differences in mathematics anxiety and the relation to mathematics performance while controlling for test anxiety. Behavioral & Brain Functions, 8(1), 33-41.
  10. Dodeen, H., Abdelfatta. F. & Alshumrani, S. (2014). Test-taking skills of secondary students: the relationship with motivation, attitudes, anxiety and attitudes toward tests. South African Journal of Education; 34(2), 1-18.
  11. Frenzel, A. & Pekrun, R. (2007). Girls and mathe- A "hopeless" issue? Girls and mathematics - A "hopeless" issue? A control-value approach to gender differences in emotions toward mathematics. European Journal of Psychology of  Education, 22(4), 497-514.
  12. Hamzeh M, D., Faisal, A., & Saleh, A. (2014). Test-taking skills of secondary students: the relationship with motivation, attitudes, anxiety and attitudes toward tests. South African Journal of Education, 34(2), 01.
  13. Hernández Sampieri, R. & Fernández Collado, C. (2010). Metodología de la investigación. México. Mc. Graw, Hill.
  14. Kajuru, Y. K. & Bello, A. S. (2012). Effects of Enrichment Package on Mathematics Achievement among Secondary School Students in Adamawa State. A Paper Presented at the 49th Annual Conference of the Mathematical Association of Nigeria (MAN) Held at National Mathematical Center, Kwali, and Abuja between 2nd September - 7the September, 2012.
  15. Kargar, M., Ahmad. R. y Bayatc, S. (2010). Relationship between Mathematical Thinking, Mathematics Anxiety and Mathematics Attitudes among University Students. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 8, 537–542.
  16. Kesici, Ş., & Erdogan, A. (2010). Mathematics anxiety according to middle school students' achievement motivation and social comparison. Education, 131(1), 54-63.
  17. Macías, D.  & Del Rocío Hernández, M. (2008). Indicadores conductuales de ansiedad escolar en bachilleres en función de sus calificaciones en un examen de matemáticas. (Spanish). Universitas Psychologica, 7(3), 767-785.
  18. Pérez-Tyteca, P., Castro, E., Segovia, I., Castro, E., Fernández, F. y Cano, F. (2009). El papel de la ansiedad matemática en el paso de la educación secundaria a la educación universitaria. PNA, 4(1), 23-35.
  19. PISA. (2012). Informe Internacional [International Report]. Boletín de educación educaINNE. Ministerio de educación cultura y deporte. Retrieved from
  20. Planea (2015). Resultados de la prueba Planea. Recuperado de
  21. Richardson, F.C. & Suinn, R.M. (1972). The mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale: Psychometric Data. Journal of Counselling Psychology, 19, 551-554.
  22. Schwartz, A. E. (2000). Axing Math Anxiety. Education Digest, 65(5), 62-64.
  23. Seng, E. K. (2015). The Influence of Pre-University Students' Mathematics Test Anxiety and Numerical Anxiety on Mathematics Achievement. International Education Studies, 8(11), 162-168.
  24. Sheriff, E (s/f). Economía y matemáticas: una Relación Íntima. Recuperado de
  25. Smith (1997). Early childhood mathematics. Boston: Allyn &Bacon
  26. Sörbom. (1974). A general method for studying differences in factor means and factor structure between groups. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, 27, (2), 29–239.
  27. Steve CH. (2012). Beliefs, Anxiety, and Avoiding Failure in Mathematics. Child Development Research, 1-8, doi:10.1155/2012/396071. Recuperado de